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FJ40: Toyota Land Cruiser 40 Series

A two door maroon toyota landcruiser 40 series with a white top and large offroad tires parked on a dirt hill.

Toyota Land Cruiser 40 Series (1960-1984)

 The Toyota Land Cruiser 40 Series, produced from 1960 to 1984, is an iconic and legendary off-road vehicle that is both incredible popular with enthusiasts and rising in value. FJ40s are easy to work on and incredibly capable, making them a good fit for anyone looking to buy a classic Land Cruiser, whether they are looking for a reliable off road vehicle or classic to drive on the weekends. 

Renowned for its durability, versatility, and rugged design, the Land Cruiser 40 Series has become a sought-after collectible for enthusiasts and a practical choice for off-road adventurers.

Exterior and Design:

The Land Cruiser 40 Series sports a classic and timeless design characterized by its boxy body shape, prominent front grille, and round headlights. It was available in various body styles, including a two-door wagon, a four-door wagon, a pickup truck, and a short-wheelbase model. Its robust construction and simple lines showcase its utilitarian nature, making it instantly recognizable as a capable off-road vehicle.

Engine and Performance:

During its production years, the Land Cruiser 40 Series was equipped with different engine options, depending on the market. The J40 launched with a new 3.9-liter inline 6-cylinder gasoline engine producing 125 horsepower (93 kW) at 2,600 RPM and 209 lb – ft of torque (283 N – m), but was also available several other diesel and petrol options throughout its model run:


  • [1960-1975] F-Series9-liter inline 6 making: 105-125 hp (75-93 kW) and 189-209 lb·ft (261-289 N·m) at 2000 rpm (depending on destination market and local emissions standards)
  • [1975-1984] 2F2-liter inline 6-cylinder gasoline engine making 135 HP at 3600 RPM and 235 lb-ft of torque at 1800 RPM. (loosely based on the Chevy 235 used in the C1 Corvette).


  • (1964–1984) B Series0 inline 4 making 80 HP (60 kW) (81 PS) at 3600 RPM and 141 lb⋅ft (191 N m) of torque at 2200 RPM
  • [1979–1981] 2B2 L inline 4 making 93 HP (69 kW) at 2200 RPM and 159 lb-ft (215 N⋅m) of torque at 2200 RPM
  • [1979–1984] 3B4 L inline 4 making 90 HP (67 kW) at 3500 RPM and 160 lb-ft (217 N⋅m) of torque at 2,000 RPM
  • [1972–1980] H-Series6 L Inline 6 making 90 HP (66 kW) at 3600 RPM and 159 lb-ft (216 N⋅m) of torque at 2200 RPM
  • [1980–1984] 2H0 L Inline 6 making 107 hp (80kW) of HP at 3500 RPM and 177 lb-ft (240 N⋅m) of torque at 2000 RPM.
  • [1994–2001] 14B7 L Inline 4 making 98 hp (72 kW) at 3400 RPM and 177 lb-ft (240 N⋅m) of torque at 1800 RPM
  • [1961–1973] Mercedes-Benz OM324: 3.4, 57 kW (78 PS; 77 hp), 262 N m (193 lb⋅ft),
  • [1973–1989] Mercedes-Benz OM314: 3.8, 63 kW (85 PS; 84 hp), 235 N m (174 lb⋅ft)
  • [1989–1994] Mercedes-Benz OM364: 4.0, 66 kW (90 PS; 89 hp), 319 N m (235 lb⋅ft)


Transmission and Drivetrain:

The Land Cruiser 40 Series came with a 3-speed manual transmission, giving drivers precise control over power delivery. It featured a part-time 4-wheel-drive system finally equipped with low-range-gearing, allowing drivers to engage or disengage the front-wheel-drive as needed. This system, coupled with its robust construction and solid axles, gave the Land Cruiser exceptional off-road capabilities. The J40 series also saw a change from a 4.10 gear ratio with an optional 3.70 or 3.36 in certain markets to a standard 4:10 until 1979 when they switched to a standard 3.70 for increased fuel economy.

Interior and Comfort:

Not far removed from the Willies Jeep that inspired it’s styling, the FJ40 is much more spartan and utilitarian than its successors.

Designed with off-road capability and reliability in mind, the cabin of a 40-series is not a place you most people would want to spend an extended road trip inside.

While there are aftermarket parts available to improve its interior comfort, the FJ40 is widely regarded as a better fit for a weekend toy or purpose-built off-road vehicle than a daily driver.

Production Numbers and Rarity:

The Land Cruiser 40 Series was produced for 20 years, enjoying high demand across the globe for much of its’ production run.

While it’s difficult to know exactly how many FJ40s are on the road today, Land Cruiser enthusiast blog ih8mud estimates the total number of 40-series manufactured at 371,030.

Collector’s Value and Considerations:

For collectors and potential buyers, the Land Cruiser 40 Series holds immense value as a classic and capable off-road vehicle. Originality, condition, and authenticity play crucial roles in determining the worth of these vintage models. Ensuring the vehicle’s mechanical integrity, inspecting for rust, and verifying its history and provenance are essential steps before making a purchase.

Restoration and Parts Availability:

Given the Land Cruiser 40 Series’ age, many enthusiasts opt for restoration projects. While original parts might be scarce, the strong community of Land Cruiser enthusiasts and aftermarket suppliers can assist in sourcing replacement components and restoring these classic vehicles to their former glory.

Common Problems and Issues